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Temples of  Sumatra
There are not so many temples found in Sumatera like those in Java Island. Most of the temples in Sumatera are located in the area far from the town. It is the reason that not so many tourists visit these areas. Most of these temples, that have been excavated, are in the North Sumatra Province, particularly in the Mandailing Natal and South Tapanuli districts. There is no much information available concerning these temples. In general, their remoteness makes people are not familiar with their existences and few people visit them.

In Simangambat near to Siabu, North Sumatera, for instance, there is the ruin of Syiwa Temple. It is predicted that the temple was built in the eighth century. It needs further excavation and research in order to learn much more about it. The other region that is known as the region that has a lot of Temples is Padang Lawas, covering the sub districts of Sipirok, Sibuhuan, Sosopan, Sosa, and Padang Bolak. There are tens ruins of Hindu temples and all of them are located near by the rivers. Most of them are in the sub district of Padang Bolak. No much information concerning these temples. It is predicted that these temples were built in 11th century under the Kingdom of Panei.

The most well-known Temple of those in Padang Lawas is Candi Bahal, situated near by the village of Bahal. This temple has been known since the Dutch colonial era. The colonial government, the Dutch named it as Candi Portibi (the word portibi in Batak dialect means in this world). In the complex of Bahal Temple, there are three temples that have been renovated, namely Bahak I, Bahal II, and Bahal III temples. These three temples stand on one straight line. Although they have been renovated, many parts of these temples have been disappeared and replaced with brick stones. Other temple in this area renovated is Sipamutung temple. It has a quite wide complex consisting of several sites, but unfortunately there is no any written information about this Temple.

In the district of Muaro Jambi, the Province of Jambi, there are also several temples, namely Astano, Tinggi and Gumpung, Kembar Baru, Gedong, Kedaton, and Kota Mahligai temples. The style of the temples and the remnant of the historical writing found in Muaro Jambi indicate that those temples are of the Hinduism background and are predicted being built at fourth to fifth centuries.

The large and quite well-known temple in Sumatera is Muara Takus temple, situated in the Province of Riau, precisely at the village of Muara Takus, the sub district of Tigabelas Koto, Kampar district. Not so far from its upper stream, Kampar River flows into two branches, Kampar Kanan and Kampar Kiri rivers (Right and Left Branches). By the bank of the Sungai Kampar Kanan there is the village of Muara Takus. Most part of Muara Takus temple is built from red bricks. This temple is different from the other ruins discovered in the North of Sumatera; it is a Buddhist one. The existing of this temple is estimated having close relationship with the Kingdom of Sriwijaya and an indication that Muara Takus once serves as the harbour for the ships. This prediction can be reasonable because the Sriwijaya’s men were the brilliant sailors who were able to sail along Kampar far to the upper stream. Learning I-Ching notes, some people come to their conclusion that the area of Muara Takus had been the city of the Kingdom of Sriwijaya or at least as the port town that had ever been the Buddhist learning center, the place the pilgrimages from China, India, and other countries learning the sciences.
About temple | Sumatra | West Java | Central Java & Yogyakarta | East Java | Bali
Situs ini dibangun oleh Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia
Untuk Kongres Pustakawan se-Asia Tenggara (CONSAL)